The Japan-US relationship is, after all, the imposition of unequal treaties and the history of subordination and resistance to them.
“The third opening of a country” is the perfect name for TPP. This is nothing but the imposition of the third unequal treaty, further loss of national sovereignty and deepened subordination to U.S.
The first opening of a country was the Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the United States of America and the Empire of Japan concluded in 1858.
The treaty was concluded five years after Perry and his four black ships came to Uraga to call for Japan to open the country in 1953. It was an unequal treaty in which Japan had no tariff autonomy.
Why did the Shogunate bow to U.S.’s demand and conclude such an unequal treaty?
This is because American Consul General Townsend Harris expertly threatened Japan, hinting at the possibility that England, which was conducting a war of invasion against the Qing Dynasty, France and other countries would invade Japan. Then he explained the need for conclusion of a treaty with US for security of Japan.
This is rarely different from the logic that it is indispensable to strengthen the Japan-US alliance for security of Japan today and to that end, it is important to conclude the TPP.
Naosuke Ii, a senior aide in the Tokugawa Shogunate, invoked the wrath of anti-foreign fanatics for concluding the Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the United States of America and the Empire of Japan without gaining a charter of the Imperial Court. He responded to the fanatics with a massive crackdown. This is known as the “Ansei Purge” and Shoin Yosida and others were put to death.
Ii was assassinated in 1860. It is called the “Incident outside the Sakurada gate.”
The second opening of a country means, needless to say, the occupation by US troops and its continuation.
After the defeat in the Pacific War, acceptance of the Potsdam Declaration and occupation of Japan by U.S. troops in 1945, Japan signed the San Francisco Peace Treaty and the U.S.-Japan Security Treaty on September 8, 1951.
After finishing the conclusion of the Peace Treaty, Japan is supposed to restore sovereignty as an independent nation, but pursuant to the provisions of the U.S.-Japan Security Treaty and the Japan-U.S. Status of Forces Agreement (at that time the Japan-U.S. Administrative Agreement), U.S. troops have not withdrawn from Japan and have been stationed here.
Japan, which has been occupied by foreign troops, cannot be an independent nation.
Japan is superficially a half-independent nation and practically nothing but a protected state.
It is a fishy story that the Japan-U.S. Security Treaty aims to defend Japan by U.S. troops.
John Foster Dulles who served as the head of the American delegation (later secretary of state) expressed that the purpose of the Treaty is “to secure the right to station as many troops as we want, at any place we want, as long as we want.”
America did not let the Japanese delegation know where the Security Treaty would be sealed until the day before the sign of the Peace Treaty on September 8.
In the end, Shigeru Yoshida, the then prime minister, alone signed the Security Treaty.
Allison, one of the U.S. delegates, (later U.S. Ambassador to Japan) said, “If the U.S.-Japan Security Treaty is signed, at least one of the Japanese delegates will surely be killed.” However, Yoshida had a miraculous escape from death and he has still been highly evaluated as a big-shot politician who laid the foundation for the post-war conservative mainstream.
Thus, the U.S.-Japan security structure seems to have become firmly established as the “post-war national polity” during 70 years after the war.
“The third opening of a country” TPP is an ultimate unequal treaty to change Japan into a further “convenient country” and “easy-to-use country” for the U.S. power and capital by means of the U.S.-Japan security structure like the “post-war national polity,” which was “sacred and inviolable.”
Tariff autonomy will be lost again.
Judicial power will be lost substantially.
Interference and intervention of U.S. in policymaking in Japan will become an everyday affair. Global capitalists from the U.S. who are guaranteed “national treatment” will also gain the national land.
Not only legal system but culture and language will be changed in U.S. favor. Japan will be forced to accept immigrants to replace the “nation” with them.
Thus, under the autocratic rule of global capitalism, “Japan” as a nation state with independent sovereignty will disappear. (Yasumi Iwakami)